The Future of Quantum Computing that will Transform Cybersecurity
One significant thing that connects with the world around us is technology. All humans and every institution worldwide use technology for a number of reasons, especially for communication, business purposes, doing daily routines, and even protecting their online assets. However, the reliance on modern technology today, raises concerns in terms of the security risks associated with new and advanced technologies, mainly quantum computing.
Quantum computing is known to provide greater speed and power than normal computers. However, this technology is believed to have potential risks, especially in data breaches. Thus, transforming cybersecurity systems that could threaten the security of any business transactions, communications, and consumer information.
The main downside of quantum computing is that encryption can be delivered in minutes, or even seconds. Thus, the future implication is that cybercriminals will be capable of siphoning and storing data that they can attack with quantum computing. Hence, commercial and personal data will be vulnerable to future threats. So, the future of quantum computing will transform cybersecurity in some ways.
How Does Quantum Computing Work?
Don’t just look at it from the dark side, but know the meaning and how quantum computing works in real life. The peculiar behaviors of quantum physics are used by quantum computers. This includes superposition, entanglement, and quantum interference, which apply to computing.
Quantum computing has an impact on the calculation process that is much faster than ordinary computers. They help calculate certain problems such as key finding problems in cryptography, simulation of the physical world, and machine learning. Therefore, it introduces new concepts to traditional programming methods. Several benefits of quantum computing, include:
- Developing new breakthroughs in science,
- Create new medicines to save lives,
- Use machine learning processes to diagnose diseases more quickly,
- To improve and speed up calculations (weather simulations, etc.),
- As financial strategies to live well during retirement,
- Encryption code breakthrough.
Quantum Computing Will Transform Cybersecurity
In the coming era, the advent of quantum computers will be strong enough to break encryption techniques, which, in terms of security, are currently used billions of times every day. There are 3 of the quantum computing data protection that transform cybersecurity include:
- Quantum Cryptography— which is implemented through Quantum Key Distribution (QKD), offers a way out of a complete data security system. QKD is claimed to be safe from current threats and also all future threats.
- Rivest–Shamir–Adleman (RSA)— is a secure method with an algorithm that is the cryptographic method of choice for consumer bank transfers, credit card payments, online shopping, and email encryption. Most of these problems can be solved more efficiently using quantum computers.
- Machine Learning— with this machine learning program able to sift through millions of files and identify potentially dangerous files. Machine learning is increasingly used to detect any threats and automatically destroy potential threats.
However, these 3 data protection methods are still at risk, even though they are equipped with quantum computing. The massive availability of computing power allows cybercriminals to find ways to hack encryption algorithms.
Quantum Computing Challenges in Cybersecurity
The benefits of quantum computing are clear, but the associated security risks are also very real. Recently, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) released a statement on how the infrastructure should prepare for the security risks deriving from quantum computing. Furthermore, CISA warns that the power and speed of quantum computers create major risks to data privacy.
However, there are algorithms that can be used to secure systems from quantum computer attacks. Thus, organizational leaders must be proactive and begin to prepare for the transition to a quantum computing technology-based society, especially leaders in the critical infrastructure sector and government agencies. Organizations that act now to begin preparing for the era of quantum computing technology will be better equipped to protect their confidentiality of data that exists today and that will remain sensitive in the future.
Hence, early quantum computing preparation can reduce exposure to liability related to data breaches, regulatory penalties for non-compliance with data privacy regulations, and consumer privacy lawsuits for data breaches. Simply put, quantum computers work differently than computers developed traditionally. In theory, quantum computers could eventually become many times faster than today’s machine learning. This means that quantum computers can face very complex and time-consuming problems, such as trying to decrypt data. While on a normal computer, it can take years to break the encryption.
Encryption is a technical process that converts information into a secret code, so that the data sent, received, or stored is obscure. But future quantum computers, in fact, could do this in just seconds. Such computers can solve all kinds of problems for mankind, but there is also a dark side. What are the impacts?
Every day vast amounts of encrypted data, including yours, are retrieved without your permission and stored in databases, waiting for the day when data-stealing quantum computers are powerful enough to decrypt it. People mostly do everything over the internet, from buying things online, banking transactions, social media interactions, and everything we do is encrypted.
But once a quantum computer is up and running, it can break the encryption. Anyone who develops it can clean bank accounts quickly, completely shut down government defense systems, and even your Bitcoin will be drained in an instant. The majority of current encryption techniques will be rendered ineffective by quantum computers. They can be a threat to people’s lives.
It won’t be cheap
Cybercrime can occur if no precautions are taken. The goal is to establish a standard defense strategy that will protect every industry, government, academic, and national infrastructure from the dangers of quantum cybercrime. None of this will come in cheap, of course. Quantum computing is expensive, laborious, and generates huge amounts of heat. Developing quantum secure algorithms is one of the major security challenges of our time.
Therefore, the utilization of this sophisticated technology must be accompanied by good intentions. If this ever-evolving quantum computing technology falls into the wrong hands, cybercrime will advance as well. That is why more research is needed on this theory and technology. However, considering the current limitations of cybersecurity and how undeveloped they are to deal with quantum computing threats, federal agencies have made it a priority to develop quantum-resistant algorithms and guidelines.
Image by Pete Linforth from Pixabay
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